Hamstring muscles are the muscles that lie from the hip joint to the knee joint that help our knees to bend and straighten our hip. Hamstring strain which is also known as pulled hamstring is a condition where there is a tear in your one or more hamstring muscles in your thigh. This condition mostly happens to a footballer, rugby player, sprinters and hurdle jumpers due to improper warm up, fatigue, slipping, wrong timing of high speed workout and poor running mechanics that causes over striding. . Getting hamstring injury can cause difficulty in bending, straightening knees and walking. There are some levels of injuries which are minor tears, partial tear and severe tear within the muscles. Each of them will have different way of treatment depends on the severity level. For injury with minor strain or tears within the muscle, RICE treatment and massage will do. For the severe level, surgery will be needed to reattach the tendon and muscles
The symptoms of the pulled hamstring will be as below:
1. Sudden, acute pain during exercises, bending, walking and strengthening the leg in the back of the thigh and lower buttocks
2. Swelling on the thigh
3. Bruising and tenderness thigh
4. A popping feeling in the muscle when it’s the acute tear in the hamstring
The best way to speed the healing is by having massage which can help you relief from the pain, reduce muscle tightness and quickly recover from the injury by stimulating the blood flow and loosen the scar tissue. With the regular massage, it can help you to prevent injury. But for severe stage, don’t do massage as it will cause greater bleeding and lengthen the recovery time. Below are some techniques of recovery massage for the hamstring strain
In this technique, you can spread oil and perform light stroking to warm up the muscles so that they are ready for deeper massage. Don’t do direct massage or else it will cause sore to the muscles. Applying heat pack for 5-10 minutes can be another choice to warm up the muscles. But it’s not recommended for the severe one because it can cause inflammation
In this technique, your muscle fibres are made loosen by moving the muscles to one direction and pulling the others to the other direction by using 2 hands or kneading.
3. Stripping the muscles
It’s a technique to help remodeling the scar tissue and ironing out any knots, bumps and lumps by applying deep, continuous pressure along the muscle in the direction of the blood flow.
4. Circular Frictions
This technique is usually applied to the area of the muscles that feel tight such as the knots and also the scar location to break down the scar tissue and restore it into former position. It’s strongly advised to give a deep massage but not too deep or else the patient will feel pain